Reprography is the duplication of any type of graphic material on a physical medium through mechanical or electrical means. Reprographic techniques include:
A photocopier is a machine that makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply. Most current photocopiers use a technology called xerography, a dry process using heat. (Copiers can also use other technologies such as ink jet, but xerography is standard for office copying.)
A blueprint is a reproduction of a technical drawing, documenting an architecture or an engineering design, using a contact print process on light-sensitive sheets. Invented in the 19th century, the process allowed rapid and accurate reproduction of documents used in construction and industry.
Photography is the art, science and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film, or electronically by means of an image sensor. Typically, a lens is used to focus the light reflected or emitted from objects into a real image on the light-sensitive surface inside a camera during a timed exposure.
Digital printing refers to methods of printing from a digital based image directly to a variety of media. It usually refers to professional printing where small run jobs from desktop publishing and other digital sources are printed using large format and/or high volume laser or inkjet printers.
None digital techniques of replicating an image can include:
Stencils: A stencil is a thin sheet of material, such as paper, plastic, or metal, with letters or a design cut from it, used to produce the letters or design on an underlying surface by applying pigment through the cut-out holes in the material. The key advantage of a stencil is that it can be reused to repeatedly and rapidly produce the same letters or design.
Relief Printing: wood cut, metal cut, wood engraving, relief etching, linocut.
Intaglio printing: etching, engraving, drypoint, aquatint or mezzotint.
Image Transfer Techniques:
Caulking Transfer: Done by applying a thin layer of caulk to a canvas in the spot where the transfer is to be placed. Image is the placed ink side down and burnished to removed air bubbles, then left overnight. You then rub the paper off using a damp cloth or sponge.
Acrylic Transfer: To do this, you apply an acrylic gel medium to a printed image and then press the transfer onto your chosen surface. Wait for it to dry and then use a damp cloth of sponge to peel off the transfer and reveal the image.
Xylene Transfer: This is a toxic process and should be done in a well ventilated area while wearing gloves. This is done by applying the printed transfer to another surface, face down, and applying xylene to the back of the paper using a rag. You then peel off the paper to reveal the image.
Heat transfer: Place an image face down on fabric and apply heat (can be done with an iron or other heat tool.) Make sure you peel off the image as you go to make sure the paper doesn’t stick to the fabric and to reveal the transfered image.